ChengJade6.java

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
import java.util.Scanner;
 
/**
 * Implementation of Homework 6. This is a modified LinkedList class. It provide
 * the add, iterator, and size methods defined in the Collection interface. It
 * initializes the iterator returned with the head of the list.
 *
 * @author     Cheng Jade
 * @assignment ICS211 Homework TA6
 * @date       Mar 05, 2010
 * @bugs       None
 */
public class ChengJade6<T> implements Iterable<T> {
 
  // Define the head node. The linked list is empty when the head node is null.
  private Node<T> myHead = null;
  private int     mySize = 0;
 
 
  /**
   * The main entry point of the application.
   *
   * @param args The command line arguments.
   */
  public static void main(final String[] args) {
 
    // Define a linked list collection.
    final ChengJade6<String> list = new ChengJade6<String>();
 
    // Check there is a path on the command line.
    if (args.length != 1) {
      System.err.println("Usage: ChengJade6 path");
      System.exit(1);
    }
 
    // Define a FileReader to take in the file. Define a scanner to scan
    // through the contents and add each line into the linked list.
    try {
 
      final FileReader file = new FileReader(args[0]);
      final Scanner scanner = new Scanner(file);
 
      while (scanner.hasNextLine())
        list.add(scanner.nextLine());
 
    } catch (final FileNotFoundException e) {
      System.err.println("Unable to open the file.");
      System.exit(1);
    }
 
    // Print out the size of the collection.
    System.out.println("The size of the collection is: " + list.size() + "\n");
 
    // Define an Iterator object and initialize it with the first item of the
    // list.
    final Iterator<String> iterator = list.iterator();
 
    // Loop over and print out the contents of the list using the iterator.
    while (iterator.hasNext()) {
      final String item = iterator.next();
      System.out.println(item.length() + ": " + item);
    }
 
    // Alternate syntax:
    //
    // for (String s : list)
    //   System.out.println(s.length() + ": " + s);
 
    // Return zero to let the eclipse debugger close happily.
    System.exit(0);
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns an iterator that can be used to visit each item in the linked list.
   *
   * @return An iterator.
   */
  public Iterator<T> iterator() {
    return new LinkedListIterator<T>(myHead);
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Adds an element into the head of the head of the linked list.
   *
   * @param o The value
   */
  public boolean add(final T item) {
    mySize++;
    myHead = new Node<T>(item, myHead);
    return true;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns the number of items in the linked list.
   *
   * @return The number of items in the linked list.
   */
  public int size() {
    return mySize;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns the string representation of the class data.
   *
   * @returns The string representation of the class data.
   */
  @Override
  public String toString() {
 
    // Return a special message for no items in the linked list.
    if (myHead == null)
      return "The linked list is empty.\n";
 
    // Loop over each item in the linked list building the string representation
    // of the linked list nodes values.
    final StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
    for (Node<T> node = myHead; node != null; node = node.next())
      builder.append(node + "\n");
    return builder.toString();
  }
}
 
/**
 * A generic node class.
 */
class Node<T> {
 
  // Define two fields for each node.
  private Node<T> myNext;
  private final T myValue;
 
 
  /**
   * Initializes a new instance of the class.
   *
   * @param value The value stored in this node.
   * @param next A pointer to the next node.
   */
  public Node(final T value, final Node<T> next) {
    myValue = value;
    myNext = next;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns the pointer to the next node.
   *
   * @return The pointer to the next node.
   */
  public Node<T> next() {
    return myNext;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns the value stored in this node.
   *
   * @return The value stored in this node.
   */
  public T value() {
    return myValue;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Sets the pointer to the next node.
   *
   * @param next The pointer to the next node.
   */
  public void setNext(final Node<T> next) {
    myNext = next;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns the string representation of the class data.
   *
   * @returns The string representation of the class data.
   */
  @Override
  public String toString() {
    return myValue == null ? "[null]" : myValue.toString();
  }
}
 
/**
 * This is an Iterator class. It provides a hasNext method to check if the next
 * element is null, a next method to return the current element, and a remove
 * method, which simply throws an exception.
 */
class LinkedListIterator<T> implements Iterator<T> {
  private Node<T> myNode = null;
 
 
  /**
   * Initializes a new instance of the class.
   *
   * @param first The head of the linked list.
   */
  public LinkedListIterator(final Node<T> node) {
    myNode = node;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * This method returns true if there are more items in the collection.
   *
   * @return True indicates there are more items in the collection.
   */
  public boolean hasNext() {
    return myNode != null;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Returns the element, if there is one, or throws an exception if there are
   * no more items in the collection.
   *
   * @return The current item in the collection.
   * @throws NoSuchElementException Thrown if there are no more items in the
   *           collection.
   */
  public T next() {
    if (myNode == null)
      throw new NoSuchElementException();
 
    final T value = myNode.value();
    myNode = myNode.next();
    return value;
  }
 
 
  /**
   * Throws an exception.
   *
   * @throws UnsupportedOperationException
   */
  public void remove() {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
  }
}
 
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